Masters Student, forensic science and information option (2016-2018): Le management des services d’identité judiciaire : Pratiques et perceptions des dirigeants policiers du Québec
Along with investigators, lawyers, judges and intelligence analysts, police decision-makers represent an integral part of a group of non-scientific actors directly involved in the use of forensic science. They especially hold powers and responsibilities which can influence the quality and role of crime scene units within the organization they lead. However, at a time when forensic science faces several challenges about its contribution to crime investigations and its ability to provide accurate and relevant evidence, very few empirical studies have shown interested in the police managers' point of view. Therefore, the present study aims to understand how Quebec law enforcement decision-makers perceive the forensic science and how they manage the resources given to crime scene units. To do this, 18 semi-directive interviews were conducted with Quebec police managers who must deal with crime scene units within the organization they run. The results particularly raise that although Quebec police managers have a certain level of knowledge in forensic science, they conceive the latter as an exclusively reactive discipline. They also tend to perceive the work of crime scene investigators as a technical and mechanical task rather than seeing it as a scientific process. Thereby, this study highlights both the need for a better understanding of forensic science in the decision-making sphere of Quebec law enforcement agencies and the need for a better coordination between police managers and the scientific and academic community in the province.
This content has been updated on 21 May 2018 at 13 h 13 min.